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Copper stock: A higher-grade prospect beside a giant in B.C. porphyry camp

  • Assays pending on deep holes drilled by GSP Resource Corp. (GSPR-V)
  • Building pounds at the Alwin copper mine project adjacent to Teck’s Highland Valley Copper mine

by James Kwantes
Resource Opportunities

GSP Resource Corp. is one of three Resource Opportunities sponsor companies.

Dwight Eisenhower was in the Oval Office and America was still on the gold standard when British Columbia prospector Dick Billingsley first staked mining claims. Then 14, Billingsley pounded in wood stakes north of Rossland in B.C.’s West Kootenays on behalf of an uncle who worked in the mining industry and speculated on claims on the side. That uncle worked for The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada — otherwise known as Cominco, which merged with Teck in 2001.

Billingsley has been staking claims ever since. In the process, the 78-year-old Surrey resident has become one of the largest individual claims holders in B.C., with about 120,000 hectares of ground under his control.

Cycles have come and gone, and there have been some big wins. One of them was Tatogga, the property Billingsley and his wife and business partner Gaye Richards vended to GT Gold (GTT-V). GT discovered a gold-rich copper porphyry at Saddle North and a high-grade gold discovery at Saddle South, attracting a strategic investment from Newmont Goldcorp and hitting a $250-million valuation along the way.

The veteran prospector made the transition from midnight staker to keyboard claims when the province switched to digital claim staking in 2004. But he can still be found bouncing around B.C.’s back roads in his one-tonne Ford 350 pickup truck, snowshoes and other supplies on hand in case of emergencies. Different times call for different strategies, however.

“When you want to stake claims you don’t do it during the day, you do it between 2 and 4 a.m. — before 7 Eastern time,” Billingsley says with a smile. “At 7 the guys back east are getting up, having their coffee and turning their computers on.”

Dick Billingsley at Alwin’s “Copper Rainfall” showing

One of Billingsley’s claims packages is the Alwin property, which he optioned last year to GSP Resource Corp. (GSPR-V, GSRCF-OTC) for staged cash and share payments. That made Billingsley one of GSP’s largest shareholders and he has since added to his stake both in the public market and in financings, bringing him to just under 10% of outstanding shares.

The Alwin property, which hosts a past-producing underground copper mine, is adjacent to Teck’s Highland Valley Copper (HVC) open-pit mine 17 kilometres west of Logan Lake. Billingsley is excited about the potential of identifying more high-grade mineralization at Alwin. The mine was in operation at different times, producing a total of about 235,000 tonnes grading 1.54% copper.

Identifying further high-grade copper mineralization is also the mission of Simon Dyakowski, GSP Resource Corp.’s young CEO. Dyakowski is a CFA charterholder and former broker who grew up in the business — his geologist father, Chris Dyakowski, is GSP’s chairman and a director.

And family ties figure in the story of how Simon secured the Alwin property for GSP. His father Chris ran San Marco Resources (SMN-V) while San Marco explored Alwin between 2005 and 2008. San Marco drilled five shallow holes into the main mineralized trend near the eastern part of the mine workings, and three more holes that tested IP anomalies north and northwest of the mine.

Results were mixed and all the data is on the GSP website. The first three holes returned sniffs of shallow higher-grade mineralization, including 3.3 metres of 2.37% Cu and 0.5m of 8.45% Cu. Hole 4 hit 13.5 metres of 1.86% Cu from 117 metres downhole, including 0.9m of 4.1% Cu and 3m of 6.2% Cu. Removing those high-grade sub-intercepts still leaves a residual grade of 9.6 metres of 0.29% copper, slightly higher than the head grade at Teck’s HVC. Hole 4 ended prematurely in an old unmapped drift.

San Marco moved on to other projects and the Alwin claims were picked up by Billingsley. CEO Dyakowski believes GSP is well-positioned to tag shallow high-grade mineralization, the target of the initial drill program (permitting is well underway). One of the tools at GSP’s disposal is a new 3D digital model of the Alwin mine compiled by Renaissance Geoscience Services and released last week. The 3D model — assembled using historical drilling, mining and geological data from prior operators — will help GSP target shallow unmined material in two zones north of the historical Alwin mine.

GSP’s objectives are two-fold: 1) explore the prospects of an open-pit mining scenario by targeting higher-grade mineralization around the #4 zone; 2) target lower-grade porphyry-style mineralization to the north. GSP was successful with Phase 1 drilling, intersecting both high-grade copper as well as lower-grade bulk-tonnage mineralization in six drill holes. Assays are pending on two deep holes.

HVC is the largest open-pit copper-molybdenum mine in western Canada. In 2019, the operation produced 121,000 tonnes of copper at grades of about 0.27%, generating $196 million in gross profit for Teck. The Vancouver-based producer is mining increasingly lower grades at HVC and the mine was originally scheduled to close in 2028. However, Teck recently applied to extend the mine life to 2040.

On its website, GSP has a great satellite image of the Alwin/Highland Valley neighbourhood in 2004 and 2015, with a sliding bar to make comparisons more easily. Two differences are immediately noticeable: 1) the amount of logging that has occurred on the Alwin property since 2004; and 2) the extent to which Teck is moving westward towards the Alwin property. If GSP can prove up a near-surface high-grade copper deposit and/or the existence of a copper porphyry system at Alwin, it becomes a pretty compelling target for Teck. However, there are other possible outcomes for Alwin that don’t rely on a Teck takeout — two nearby mills, Craigmont and Afton, have spare capacity.

Alwin has a 270-metre-below-surface development decline and about 2,700 metres of underground tunnelling, as well as 649 diamond drill holes totalling 34,500 metres. One of the prior operators calculated a historical (non-43-101 compliant) resource around the mine workings of 390,000 tonnes grading an average 2.5% copper, assuming 25% dilution. But the mine shut down due to low copper prices before they could tap into that zone.

GSP’s low all-in drilling costs mean the company is poised to expand the drilling if they are successful during the first phase. CEO Dyakowski, right, owns about 10% of shares, accumulating in each financing round and the open market. Insiders hold a total of about 35% of shares. GSPR is well-structured with only 18.5 million shares outstanding and a free trading float of about 6 million shares when you take out insider holdings and escrowed stock.

As for Billingsley, he thinks Alwin ore could make a great high-grade feedstock to mix with the lower-grade ore that Teck is mining at HVC. That would increase the operation’s profitability ahead of a mine life extension at one of Teck’s core assets.

“Alwin could be my next big score,” Billingsley says.

GSP Resource Corp. (GSPR-V, GSRCF-OTC)
: 0.35
Shares out: 18.5 million (24.2M fully diluted)
Market cap: $5.15 million

Disclosure: James Kwantes owns shares and warrants of GSP Resource Corp. and the company is one of three Resource Opportunities sponsor companies. This article is presented for information purposes and does not constitute investment advice. All investors need to do their own due diligence and/or consult a financial advisor.

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Cashed-up explorer prepares to drill large gold-copper porphyry target

By James Kwantes
Editor and publisher, Resource Opportunities

Speculating in junior mining equities is a dangerous — and sometimes extremely lucrative — game. Some of the key qualities that lay the groundwork for shareholder value creation in an exploration play are:

  • Serially successful management
  • High-quality projects
  • Stable jurisdictions
  • The right commodity, at the right time
  • Tight share structure.

Discovery drill plays carry both the most risk and potential reward. A discovery can create tremendous — even life-changing — shareholder value. But it’s only the drill — aka the “truth machine” — that will determine whether an economic ore body lurks beneath the surface. Orestone Mining Corp. (ORS-V) is funded to drill two large porphyry targets in British Columbia and Chile and has positioned itself for success by ticking the above boxes.

Next comes a drill program at Orestone’s Captain property, which is host to a large gold-copper porphyry target near Centerra’s Gold’s Mount Milligan copper-gold mine northwest of Prince George. Orestone plans to drill between up to 1,250 metres in 5 holes at its Admiral target. The project is located on flat terrain and accessible via logging roads, making year-round exploration possible.

Mobilizing the drill at the Captain project.

I initiated coverage on Orestone at 7 cents in Resource Opportunities on Sept. 26, 2018 and the stock has since traded as high as 25 cents. Shares now trade at 12.5 cents, giving the company a market capitalization of about $3 million — very modest compared to other cashed-up, high-potential drill plays. Orestone has about $700,000 in the treasury and is raising another $500,000 in flow-through funds to drill Captain. The company is selling 16-cent units, each of which includes one flow-through share and half a warrant (one-year, 22-cent).

Orestone has a clean share structure, with a serially successful management team advancing two high-calibre projects in neighbourhoods that host very large mines. Let’s take a closer look.


Orestone’s chairman and CEO David Hottman and Gary Nordin, an Orestone director and senior consulting geologist, have deep industry experience with successful companies including Bema Gold, Eldorado Gold, Nevada Pacific Gold and Polaris Materials. All of those companies were acquired by larger companies except for Eldorado Gold.

Nordin, a co-founding director and VP of Bema, has been directly involved in several multi-million-ounce gold discoveries, including Refugio in Chile (6-8M oz). He was also a co-founder, director and VP of Eldorado, where he was involved in the Kisladag discovery in Turkey (12M oz) and La Colorada in Mexico (1M oz). Hottman owns about 5.3% of Orestone’s outstanding shares; Nordin owns 4.2%.

The latest team member is Bruce Winfield, appointed president on June 3, and I recently stopped by Orestone’s modest Vancouver offices to meet him. Winfield is a Spanish-speaking geologist who got his first taste of Latin America working on the Cerro Colorado porphyry deposit in Panama for Texas Gulf. He later spent three years working in Spain, including opening a Boliden office in Madrid.

When Winfield (right) returned to North America, Latin America was opening up to mining and his language and operations skills were in demand. He spent seven years working for Greenstone Resources, where he helped acquire and develop four deposits that later became producing mines. One of those was La Libertad gold mine in Nicaragua, the first asset sold after the defeat of the Sandinista government.

La Libertad later became one of B2Gold’s foundational assets (B2Gold recently sold La Libertad to Calibre Mining).

Winfield also spent two years working with Hottman and Nordin at Eldorado Gold, where he was VP Exploration. The focus during his first year there was to increase the resources at the La Colorada mine in Sonora, Mexico to expand production. La Colorada is now owned by Argonaut Gold.

During his second year at Eldorado, the company bought Gencor’s Brazilian and Turkish assets, which included nearly 24,000 square miles of exploration land including several small resources. Persistent exploration subsequently yielded the prolific Kisladag gold porphyry discovery. Winfield was most recently president and CEO of Defiance Silver (DEF-V), a Mexico-focused silver exploration company.

Orestone’s bench strength extends to the board. Director Julia Aspillaga is a Chilean national who played a key role in the development of the Refugio deposit for Bema Gold and also brought the group the Cerro Casale project, where a mineral reserve and resource of more than 23 million ounces of gold, 5.8 billion pounds of copper and 58 million ounces of silver has been drilled off. Barrick Gold and Newmont-Goldcorp are now 50-50 partners on the project.

Daniels is a mining engineer who graduated from the Colorado School of Mines and has worked in 13 countries and more than 50 projects with companies including Gustavson Associates and Caterpillar. Daniels worked on the startup of Bema Gold’s Champagne gold mine in Idaho, the company’s first producing asset, in 1989-90.


The flagship Captain project in northern British Columbia is a gold-copper porphyry target about 30 kilometres (18.6 miles) south of Centerra Gold’s open-pit Mount Milligan copper-gold mine. With drill permits in hand, Orestone is mobilizing the rig and plans to start drilling later this week, once the flow-through financing closes.

During the last drill program, in 2013, hole C13-03 hit a three-metre xenolith fragment of highly altered rock grading 1.9 g/t gold and 0.226% copper over three metres, within a post-mineral dyke.

Orestone’s Gary Nordin believes that fragment is a transported piece of a 2-kilometre by 1-kilometre monzonite porphyry body that correlates with an Induced Polarization (IP) anomaly. The drill will target that interpreted mineralized body with five initial drill holes and about 1,000 to 1,250 metres. The modest program has the potential to hit “pay dirt” — Mount Milligan to the north has proven and probable reserves of 4.7 million ounces of gold and 1.8 billion pounds of copper.

Geologists Gary Nordin, left, and Barney Bowen check out historic core.

The Resguardo project is an 11.3-square-mile copper-gold porphyry target that covers historic oxide copper workings northeast of Copiapo, Chile. A large IP chargeability anomaly under the oxide copper suggests there could be a sulphide copper porphyry at depth — theory that has never been tested. That’s the target for Orestone’s planned drill program.There are several giant gold and copper-gold deposits within 100 kilometres of Resguardo, including El Salvador (CODELCO), Cerro Casale (Barrick/Newmont-Goldcorp), Candelaria (Lundin Mining) and Maricunga (Kinross).


British Columbia has its detractors, but the province remains a favourable place to operate large mines. Australian gold giant Newcrest evidently thinks so, having recently purchased a 70% interest in Imperial Metals’ Red Chris mine for US$807 million. So does Teck, which operates copper and coal mines in B.C. and recently bought a 14% stake in B.C. copper-gold explorer Sun Metals.

As for Chile, the nation produces up to a third of the world’s copper and plenty of gold. Much of the metals come from giant deposits — of 5-30M oz gold and/or more than 5 million tonnes of contained copper. Chile is recognized as one of the most stable mining jurisdictions in the world. And in director Julia Aspillaga, Orestone has a capable operator with excellent in-country connections.


The gold market has come alive and looks better than it has in years — since 2013, to be precise. And back then, gold was on its way down after hitting US$1,900 an ounce. Copper has been weaker — along with the other base metals — on U.S.-China trade wars and growing fears about the health of the global economy. The civilization metal appears to be basing at the US$2.60 level. Copper’s long-term demand case remains intact, however, and a supply crunch is looming as legacy mines deplete their reserves and begin to shut down.

Orestone’s timing could be fortuitous. The company is focusing on a deposit type — gold-copper porphyrys — that is expected to produce an increasing amount of the world’s gold, according to a July 2014 article in the Society of Economic Geologists newsletter. Copper-gold porphyrys have only been mined since the 20th century. Orogenic gold deposits have been mined for thousands of years, while the Witwatersrand has been producing gold since the late 19th century. Production in the rich South African gold belt — an important gold source — has steadily declined since 1970.

Orestone has two planned drill programs in “elephant country” for porphyry deposits. With drilling success, the company projects could eventually contribute to global gold and copper production in already established mining camps. Owning Orestone shares gives you exposure to two large exploration plays and the potential for a dramatic rerating from this $3-million valuation.

Orestone Mining Corp. (ORS-V)
Price: 0.125
Shares outstanding: 23.8 million (39.6M fully diluted)
Market cap: $3 million

Disclosure: James Kwantes owns Orestone shares and the company is a sponsor of Resource Opportunities. Orestone is a lightly traded, high-risk junior exploration stock. This is not financial advice and all investors need to perform their own due diligence.